The National Day

- Sep 30, 2019-

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(一)Festive origin

The basis for determining the National Day in all countries of the world is very strange. According to statistics, there are 35 countries in the world that have established national holidays for the National Day. Cuba, Cambodia, etc. are the national day of the occupation of the capital. Some countries use National Independence Day as their National Day.

On January 1, 1804, the Haitian people annihilated Napoleon's 60,000 expeditionary forces and declared independence in Port-au-Prince. Since then, January 1st of each year has been designated as National Day. The same is true for countries such as Mexico and Ghana. Some countries also use the armed uprising anniversary as the National Day. July 14th is the French National Day. [2]

On the day of 1789, the people of Paris captured the Bastille, which symbolized feudal rule, and overthrew the monarchy. In other countries, the major conference day is the National Day.

The United States adopted the "Declaration of Independence" at the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776 as the National Day.

Canada was the National Day by the British Parliament on July 1, 1867, the passage of the Great Britain North America Act. There are also national birthdays of the heads of state, such as Nepal, Thailand, Sweden, the Netherlands, Denmark, Belgium and other countries.

National Day is an important holiday in every country, but the name is different. Many countries are called "National Day" or "National Day", and some countries are called "Independence Day" or "Independence Day", and some are called "Republican Day", "Republic Day", "Revolution Day", and "Liberation Day". "National Renaissance Festival", "Constitution Day", etc., as well as directly adding "day" to the country name, such as "Australia Day" and "Pakistan Day", while others use the king's birthday or the enthronement day as the National Day. In the event of a king change, the specific date of the National Day will also be replaced.


(二)Holiday significance

National symbol

The National Day Remembrance Day is a feature of the modern nation-state, which emerged along with the emergence of modern nation-states and became particularly important. It is a symbol of an independent country that reflects the country and polity of the country.

    

Functional manifestation

Once this special commemorative method of the National Day has become a new and universal form of festivals, it will carry the function of reflecting the cohesiveness of this country and nation. At the same time, the large-scale celebrations on National Day are also a concrete manifestation of the government's mobilization and appeal.

       

Basic Features

Showing strength, enhancing national confidence, embodying cohesiveness, and exerting appeal are the three basic characteristics of the National Day celebration.


(三)Festival event

Military parade

This year ushered in the 70th anniversary military parade.

There will be celebrations and military parades of different scales on the 5th and 10th anniversary. The most influential and most representative of the history is the six great military parade of the founding ceremony, the 5th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic, the 10th anniversary, the 35th anniversary, the 50th anniversary and the 60th anniversary. 

Since the founding of the 1949 Grand Prix, a total of fourteen National Day military parades have been held.

From the period 1949 to 1959, 11 National Day military parades were held.

In September 1960, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council implemented the policy of "strive to save and diligently build the country", reform the National Day ceremony system, and implement "five years, a small celebration, a ten-year celebration, and a military parade in Daqing."

In 1964, the Military Queue Order issued by the Ministry of National Defense listed the military parade clause for the first time. Subsequently, due to the "Cultural Revolution" and other reasons, the National Day military parade was not held for 24 consecutive years.

In 1984, according to Deng Xiaoping’s proposal, the CPC Central Committee decided to resume the military parade and held a large National Day military parade on the 35th anniversary of the National Day in 1984.

In 1999, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to hold a military parade for the 50th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China. On October 1, 1999, a large military parade was held in Tiananmen Square.

In the National Day of 2009, the military parade was held for the 60th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic

The National Day of 2019 held a military parade for the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China.


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